Sunday, February 10, 2013

Queen Mary the Great of England – A Queen for all Seasons – Religious Liberty – 1555 – “Bloody Mary”

Mary I of England - A Queen for All Religious Liberty Seasons

Saint Thomas More, patron saint of Statesmen was a pussy. On his best day of defending Catholicism, he only burned a handful of Lutherans and or heretics for his King, Henry VIII.

Thomas More is the Martyr most quoted as the prime example of Catholics to emulate in the present Great Self Delusional, Self Fulfilling Prophecy Paranoia laden Religious Liberty Campaign to protect whatever from the reality of the existing dominant global secular non-christian culture.

“The time for easy Christianity is over. In fact, it never really existed. We’re blessed to be rid of the illusion. We need to be more zealous in our faith, not more discreet; clearer in our convictions, not muddier; and more Catholic, not less.” (Archbishop Charles Chaput, p.53 of Render Unto Caesar)


Mary (the Great of England)(Henry VIII’s Daughter) had always rejected the break with Rome instituted by her father and the establishment of Protestantism by Edward VI. She and her husband wanted England to reconcile with Rome. Philip persuaded Parliament to repeal the Protestant religious laws passed by Mary's father, thus returning the English church to Roman jurisdiction. 

Reaching an agreement took many months, and Mary and Pope Julius III had to make a major concession: the monastery lands confiscated under Henry were not returned to the church but remained in the hands of the new landowners, who were very influential. By the end of 1554, the pope had approved the deal, and the Heresy Acts were revived. 

Under the Heresy Acts, numerous Protestants were executed in the Marian Persecutions. Many rich Protestants, including John Foxe, chose exile, and around 800 left the country. The first executions occurred over a period of five days in early February 1555: John Rogers on 4 February, Laurence Saunders on 8 February, and Rowland Taylor and John Hooper on 9 February. 

The imprisoned Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer was forced to watch Bishops Ridley and Latimer being burned at the stake.

Cranmer recanted, repudiated Protestant theology, and rejoined the Catholic faith. Under the normal process of the law, he should have been absolved as a repentant. Mary, however, refused to reprieve him. On the day of his burning, he dramatically withdrew his recantation. 

All told 283 were executed, most by burning. The burnings proved so unpopular, that even Alfonso de Castro, one of Philip's own ecclesiastical staff, condemned them, and Philip's adviser, Simon Renard, warned him that such "cruel enforcement" could "cause a revolt". 

Mary persevered with the policy, which continued until her death and exacerbated anti-Catholic and anti-Spanish feeling among the English people. The victims of the persecutions became lauded as martyrs.

Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer – Not Catholic Enough for Queen Mary 


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